THE MOSQUES OF MEDINA – The Prophet`s Mosque (Masjid Nabawi), was first built in the year 622 A.D. The walls were made of mud bricks and the roofs were supported by trunks of palm trees.
The Prophet`s Mosque has undergone several extensions to accomodate a growing number of worshippers until it reaches its actual size. The Prophet`s Mosque extends over 165 000 square meters and can accomodate about one million worshippers at a time. Out of its ten towering minarets, six of them are 99 meters high. This mosque also includes the burial place of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), a museum that displays ancient manuscript of the Quran and a library. The two underground storeys consist of car park that can accomodate some 4 400 vehicles, ablution facilities and the control panel.
Millions of pilgrims visit the Prophet`s Mosque every year.
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Q U B A M O S Q U E
When the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) emigrated to Medina, he first landed at Bani `Amr bin `Awf and stayed in Quba for three days. So the Prophet (PBUH) built a mosque there, hence the first mosque built in Medina.
The distance from the Prophet`s Mosque to Quba Mosque (Masjid Qubaa) is 3.25 Kilometers.
Q I B L A T A I N M O S Q U E
Qiblatain mosque (Masjid al-Qiblatain), the mosque of two qibla, so called as it is the mosque in which the qibla was changed from Jerusalem to Mecca (the ka`ba).
The distance from Qiblatain Mosque to the Mosque of the Prophet is about 3.5 kilometers.
M I Q A T M O S Q U E
Miqat mosque (Masjid Meeqat) is located at Dhul Hulayfa, also known as Abyar Ali. It is the place where pilgrims coming from Medina wishing to perform Umrah or Hajj enter into Ihram before they set for Mecca.
The distance from the Prophet`s Mosque to Miqat Mosque is 9 Kilometers.
G H A M A M A M O S Q U E
The location where ghamama mosque (masjid ghamama) stands today was an open-air area during the time of the Prophet (PBUH) where the Eid prayers (Eid ul-Fitr and Eid ul-Adha prayers) were most frequently held. Nowadays Ghamama mosque is very near to the Prophet`s mosque due to the extension of masjid Nabawi. The word `ghamam` in Arabic means clouds. This mosque has been given this name because it is the place where the Prophet (PBUH) prayed for rainfall after which it rained profusely.
A B U B A K R M O S Q U E
Abu Bakr mosque (masjid Abu bakr) is located next to Ghamama mosque and it is also one of the locations where the Prophet (PBUH) used to perform the Eid prayers. It is named Abu Bakr because Abu Bakr (R) used to perform the Eid prayers in that location during his caliphate.